Anyone can be so unfortunate to be troubled with a fractured or cracked tooth. Dentists have often been presented with a variety of these cases; some caused by a physical blow to the face from a sporting or vehicular accident; some caused by an unfortunate bite onto a hard piece of food; or some may have been caused by a continuously developing tooth decay within.
Regardless of what caused it, appropriate treatment needs to be given to a fractured or cracked teeth. Patients will be properly assessed and either of the following treatments may be suggested to them:
If only a crack or fracture is endured by the tooth, a simple tooth filling will do. A composite resin filling can be placed on the cracked tooth. Dentists can rebuild the tooth that has been fractured so that it looks and functions normally again.
If the crack or fracture is more severe, then a more appropriate solution would be to construct a dental crown over the tooth. The tooth will have to be prepared, about 1-2 millimeters of tooth structure will be removed so that crowns can be placed on top.
Root Canal Treatment
If the fracture or crack is too severe that it exposes the pulp tissue, a root canal treatment is necessary. Pulp exposures will render the tooth sensitive so a root canal treatment is important so that the pulp tissue can be removed and the tooth can be sealed and restored appropriately.
In crown lengthening, serial crown reshaping may be performed to a smile that is gummy, or it may be performed to increase the size of a singular tooth that has lost sufficient length due to fracture. A very precise and complicated process is followed in crown lengthening. Patients should expect to go through some surgical intervention which will involve some bone reduction, so that the teeth may be reshaped and the gums may be allowed to follow the new arrangement.
Always a last resort, tooth extractions are performed when all the other procedures above cannot restore your damaged or cracked teeth.